Alberobello

Alberobello

On two hills, interrupted in ancient times by a riverbed, rises Alberobello.

On the eastern hill we have the new city, with modern architectural features; on the other summit that's hading west, the Trulli line up, in an urban area divided into two districts: Monti and Aia Piccola, both national monuments that have been recognized by the UNESCO World Heritage Site starting from December 1996.

The agricultural landscape is characterized by a thick vegetation of almond and olive trees that prospers on karstic land.
It's from the stratified limestone rocks, ever since the birth of Alberobello, that the material for the construction and building has been extracted, used to cover the Trulli.

The history of these buildings, very particular, is linked to an edict of the Kingdom of Naples, who submitted a tribute every time the urban settlement changed.
The counts of Conversano, owners of the land on which Alberobello stands today,imposed to the farmers sent on these lands, to built their homes dry, without the use of mortar so that they could be seen as precarious buildings, easily demolished.

Using therefore only stones, the farmers found in the round shape with self supporting dome roof, made of overlapped stone circles, the most simple and solid configuration.
The dome roofs of the Trulli are embellished with decorative pinnacles, their shape being inspired by mystical, symbolic and religious elements.
Depending on the quality of the workmanship of the pinnacle you could identify the dexterity of the manufacturer and also the value of the building itself.

As for the symbols painted on the roofs of the Trulli, they often take on a religious significance and may sometimes be signs of the zodiac. Pinnacles and symbols painted together formed some sort of civic identity.

 

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